Gingivitis and Bleeding gums

Gingivitis and bleeding gums is caused by the inflammation of the gums around the teeth. Gingivitis or bleeding gums results from the bacteria in plaque which is caused by improper cleaning of teeth. Gingivitis is a progressive disease and may go undetected in the early stages. The first indications usually are bleeding when you floss, and puffiness in the gums. Because this may cause no pain, most people are unaware that they have a problem.

An important aspect of gingivitis to remember is that it is reversible. This reversibility is in contrast to periodontitis, a more severe gum disease can affect the bone that support the teeth.

Gingivitis is usually painless, although the gums may be red, swollen, and bleed easily with brushing. There can also be a bad taste in the mouth or persistent bad breath. In advanced stages of gingivitis, the gums recede, exposing the tooth roots, and the teeth may become loose. This is usually an indication of periodontitis. If gingivitis is left untreated, the infection will eventually spread into the roots of the teeth. The plaque on the root of the tooth and along the gums infects all of these areas.

Symptoms of Bleeding Gums

Bleeding of the gums may occur with or without associated pain. The pain if present is usually dull in nature. Bleeding is usually noticed during brushing, or in the saliva, while spitting. Bleeding is also induced by eating any hard or coarse food items.

Bleeding Gums treatment

Bleeding gums can be treated by the removal of the source of bacteria. Proper maintenance of the teeth by the patient is a must. Your dentist may even suggest a change in your diet Sore and bleeding gums can be aggravated by citrus fruits and juices, rough or spicy food, alcohol, and tobacco. Take vitamin C supplements if citrus fruits and juices cannot be taken. If dentures make gums bleed, wear them only during meals.

Gum bleeding can be controlled by applying pressure with a gauze pad soaked in ice water directly to the bleeding gums. Brush teeth gently after every meal. Use a soft brush, or a special vibrating brush to clean the teeth without irritating the gums.

Frequently asked questions about Bleeding Gums

  • Bleeding gums problems , who should be contacted? A dentist should be contacted at the earliest for bleeding gums treatment.
  • Is bleeding of the gum a serious problem? Yes, bleeding gums is a serious problem. It indicates the erosion of the supporting tissue around the tooth, which could eventually lead to tooth loss.
  • Is there any medication for bleeding gums? Special mouthrinses and pastes are available across the counter, which can be self administered by the patient. When used, they reduce the bacteria-induced inflammation and can stop or reduce bleeding. But long lasting results are obtained only by treating the cause.

In general, people can prevent gingivitis or bleeding gums by the following the steps below:

  • Brush teeth after every meal with a soft bristle brush and fluoride toothpaste, don’t forget to floss
  • See your dentist twice a year to check and if necessary clean your teeth to help prevent gingivitis
  • Use an antibacterial mouthwash
  • See your Orthodontist to repair misaligned teeth to keep food from getting trapped between teeth